Development, Administration and Aid in the Middle East

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But since then, the Afghan government, USAID, and other donors have built more than 16, schools, recruited and trained more than , teachers, and increased net enrollment rates to nearly 60 percent. Today there are 9 million children in school, including more than 3. And beyond the money itself, my colleague John McArthur, senior fellow at Brookings, has shown a clear acceleration of development progress during the period of the U. A final argument is political—that aid keeps bad governments in power. But again, recent research suggests the opposite: since the end of the Cold War, aid has helped support democratic transitions both by reinforcing broad development progress and by supporting civil society organizations, stronger judicial systems, and multiparty elections.

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Thad Dunning at the University of California, Berkeley, found that aid had a positive effect on democracy in Africa after the Cold War. Sarah Bermeo at Duke University found that after foreign aid from democratic donors increased the likelihood of a democratic transition. Research by Erasmus Kersting and Christopher Kilby at Villanova University and by Simone Dietrich at the University of Missouri and Joseph Wright at Pennsylvania State University of also found that aid had a positive impact on democratic transitions and consolidation.

It is important not to overstate the impact of aid. Foreign aid has not been the major driver of development progress over the last 20 years, nor will it be in the future. Long-term development progress depends primarily on the economic and political institutions that are built over time in low-income countries, and the actions taken by those countries themselves.

Aid programs alongside diplomacy and other tools of international engagement are not the driving force behind development, but they can help support development progress along the way. That was the message of retired generals and admirals in a recent letter to Congress calling on them not to cut funding for diplomacy and foreign aid, which was echoed by a similar letter from more than faith leaders.

Development, Administration and Aid in the Middle East

Fortunately, both Democratic and Republican members of Congress understand the importance of aid and diplomacy programs, and just last week wisely voted to increase funding for the international affairs budget for the fiscal year ending on September 30, These members of Congress, our national security leaders, faith leaders, and others know that the right way forward is to strengthen our aid programs and build on their success, not to cut them and leave developing countries in the lurch while undermining our own security.

Future Development. This blog was first launched in September by the World Bank in an effort to hold governments more accountable to poor people and offer solutions to the most prominent development challenges. Continuing this goal, Future Development was re-launched in January at brookings. For archived content, visit worldbank. John McArthur and Krista Rasmussen. Future Development Randomized control trials for development?

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Three problems Jeffrey Hammer. Future Development This blog was first launched in September by the World Bank in an effort to hold governments more accountable to poor people and offer solutions to the most prominent development challenges. Foreign Policy. Harden said, noting that the relief agency supported about five million refugees.

Hanan Ashrawi, a member of the executive committee of the Palestine Liberation Organization, said the cuts could destabilize refugee camps not only in the West Bank and Gaza, but also in Jordan and Lebanon. If you want to hand them over to the religious schools, to Hamas, then you have to live with the consequences.


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Israeli officials did not comment on the cuts, although they have repeatedly expressed the view that the United Nations Relief and Works Agency, known as Unrwa, is a problem. Each year, the State Department transfers money by the end of September to the United Nations agency. The decision withdraws that amount and withholds any further money.

The United States is by far the biggest donor; other large donors include European and Middle Eastern nations. Truman recognized the newly established state of Israel. Burns said on Twitter on Friday. The Trump administration has been working to change several decades-old pillars of United States policy on Israel. Last December, Mr. Trump announced that he was recognizing Jerusalem as the capital of Israel.

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Kushner has been working on a peace proposal in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and is pushing Palestinian leaders to drop demands for the right of most of the five million refugees to return to Israeli-controlled land. The vast majority of the five million refugees are descendants of Palestinians displaced in the midth century.

US stops all aid to Palestinians in West Bank and Gaza - BBC News

The United Nations aid agency officially considers all of them refugees, consistent with international law and United Nations refugee protocols, said Peter Mulrean, director of the Unrwa office at the United Nations. Kushner and other American officials are seeking to change the United Nations designation in hopes the agency will alter the debate over which Palestinians have the right of return.

Harden said those American officials also believe that defunding the aid agency will give them leverage to force Palestinian and other Arab leaders to drop — or at least lessen — the demand for right of return, which is one of the greatest points of contention between Israeli and Palestinian officials.


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